who preceded the Theosophical Movement of 1875
“… There are some cases in which we can judge with a degree of certainty that such adepts were incarnated and what they were named.
“Take Thomas Vaughn, Raymond Lully, Sir Thomas More, Jacob Boehme, Paracelsus, and others like them… These souls were as witnesses to the truth, leaving through the centuries in their own natures, evidence for those who followed, and suggestions for keeping spirituality bright – seed-thoughts, as it were, ready for the new mental soil.
“And as well as these historical characters, there are countless numbers of men and women now living who have passed through certain initiations during their past lives upon earth, and who produce effects in many directions quite unknown to themselves now.
“They are, in fact, old friends of “the sacred tribe of heroes,” and can therefore be more easily used for the spreading of influences and the carrying out of effects necessary for the preservation of spirituality in this age of darkness.”
from “Cycles,” an article by W.Q. Judge [Collected Articles Vol. 1 p. 193-4]
Dates of the chief figures from 14th century
1358-1419 TSON-KA-PA (also Son-kha-pa).
A famous Tibetan reformer of the fourteenth century, who introduced a purified Buddhism into his country. He was a great Adept, who being unable to witness any longer the desecration of Buddhist philosophy by the false priests who made of it a marketable commodity, put a forcible stop thereto by a timely revolution and the exile of 40,000 sham monks and Lamas from the country. He is regarded as an Avatar of Buddha, and is the founder of the Gelukpa (“yellow-cap”) Sect, and of the mystic Brotherhood connected with its chiefs. The “tree of the 10,000 images” (khoomboom) has, it is said, sprung from the long hair of this ascetic, who leaving it behind him disappeared for ever from the view of the profane.
1304-1374 Francesco Petrarch (poet & Platonist)
1328-1384 John Wycliffe (also ‘Wyclif,’ reformer and translator of the Latin Vulgate Bible which was largely unintelligible to the majority, into English).
forerunners of Reformation:
1369-1415 John Huss (Reformer, precursor of Reformation)
1379-1421 Thomas a’Kempis (Imitation of Christ)
1493-1541 PARACELSUS (Theophrastus Bombastus)
The symbolical name adopted by the greatest Occultist of the middle ages – Philip Bombastes Aureolus Theophrastus von Hohenheim – born in the canton of Zürich in 1493. He was the cleverest, physician of his age, and the most renowned for curing almost any illness by the power of talismans prepared by himself. He never had a friend, but was surrounded by enemies, the most bitter of whom were the Churchmen and their party. That he was accused of being in league with the devil stands to reason, nor is it to be wondered at that finally he was murdered by some unknown foe, at the early age of forty-eight. He died at Salzburg, leaving a number of works behind him, which are to this day greatly valued by the Kabbalists and Occultists. Many of his utterances have proved prophetic. He was a clairvoyant of great powers, one of the most learned and erudite philosophers and mystics, and a distinguished Alchemist. Physics is indebted to him for the discovery of nitrogen gas, or Azote.
1463-1494 G. PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA
Platonic Academy, Florence. Theosophical Movement in the Renaissance.
? ? Gemistus Pletho (Platonic MSS to Florence)
1433-1499 M. Ficino (Library – Florentine Platonist)
1389-1464 Cosimo de Medici (Library & Platonic Academy)
1449-1492 Lorenzo de Medici (Library & Platonic Academy) [Patron of: Boticelli, Michelangelo, Lippi]
1401-1464 Nicholas de Cusa (Renaissance reformer) [mystic & Neo-Platonist]
1455-1522 John Reuchlin (Reformation)
1466-1536 D. Erasmus (Reformation)
1473-1543 N. Copernicus
1478-1535 Sir Thomas More (Platonist)
1486-1535 Cornelius Agrippa
1483-1546 Martin Luther
1575-1624 JAKOB BOEHME see “J. Boehme and The Secret Doctrine.” His life was written about by Franz Hartmann.
1574-1637 ROBERT FLUDD
1548-1600 GIORDANO BRUNO
1509-1564 John Calvin (Reformation in Europe)
? ? Van Helmont [pupil of Paracelsus]
1501-1576 Jerome Cardan
1502-1598 Henry Khunrath
1586-1654 C.Rosenkreuz (Rosenkranz) [Rosicrucians]
? ? Johan Valentin Andrea
1515- ? ? George Postel
? ? Joseph Borri
? ? Bragadini
1622-1666 EUGENIUS PHILALETHES (THOMAS VAUGHN)
1605-1682 Thomas Brown (Religio Medici)
1614-1687 Henry More (Cambridge Platonist)
1617-1688 Henry Cudsworth (Cambridge Platonist)
1617-1692 Elias Ashmole (1st Mason)
1632-1677 Baruch Spinoza
1688-1772 E. Swedenborg (mystic)
1628-1688 John Bunyan
1646-1716 Baron C. W. Leibnitz
? ? COUNT DE ST. GERMAIN Sent by the Lodge of Masters to the West.
1743-1803 COUNT DE ST. MARTIN
1743-1795 COUNT CAGLIOSTRO (HENRI BALSAMO)
1733-1815 ANTON MESMER
1700- ?? Martinez Paschalis
1706-1790 Benjamin Franklin
1707-1809 Thomas Paine
1787-1854 J. Ennemoser (hypnotism)
1724-1804 I. Kant (philosopher)
1749-1832 J. W. Goethe
1758-1835 Thomas Taylor (Platonist)
? ? Ragon (Masonry)
? ? Eliphas Levi [Abbe Louis Constant]
1788-1860 A. Schopenhauer
1799-1850 Henri Balzac
1799-1888 Bronson Alcott (educationist)
1831-1891 H. P. BLAVATSKY (Theosophy)
1851-1896 W. Q. JUDGE (Theosophy)
? ? Damodar K. Mavlankar (Theosophy)
1832-1907 H. S. Olcott (Theosophy)
1851-1919 Robert Crosbie (Theosophy)
1803-1882 Ralph W. Emerson (Transcendentalist)
1805-1872 G. Mazzini
1807-1882 G. Garibaldi
1809-1865 A. Lincoln
1812-1870 Charles Dickens
1817-1862 Henry D. Thoreau (Transcendentalist)
1819-1892 Walt Whitman
1828-1910 Leo. Tolstoy
1823-1913 A. R. Wallace
1832-1919 Prof. Wm. Crookes
1840-1902 Emile Zola
1842-1925 C. Flammarion
1850-1898 Edward Bellamy
1847-1931 T. A. Edison
1847-1933 Annie Besant
1856-1943 Nikola Tesla
1869-1948 Mohandas Gandhi
There is much of interest and relevance to the modern movement to be learnt from these lives, and there are articles on some of them and the parts they played on the Wisdom World website.